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Types of Vitamins

by Staff

A vitamin is an organic compound required as a nutrient in tiny amounts by the body. Vitamins are substances that are found in foods we eat. Vitamins also act as co-enzymes to carry chemical groups between enzymes. Vitamins have diverse biochemical functions, including functioning as hormones. Fruits and vegetables are often a good source of vitamins.

Vitamins are classified as fat-soluble and water-soluble.

Fat soluble vitamins

Vitamins A, D, E, and K are classified as the fat-soluble vitamins which accumulate within lipids as fat stores of the body and within the liver. They can be stored in the body for a longer period of time and can be called to action whenever needed by the body.

Vitamin A (Retinol) – It helps you see at night. Vitamin A also helps to see in color from the brightest yellow to the darkest purple. Carrots are a good source of vitamin A. Deficiency in vitamin A leads to night blindness.

Vitamin D (Calciferol)- It is a vital vitamin for strong bones and teeth. Vitamin D helps the body in adequate calcium and phosporous absorption. Vitamin D is obtained when the body is exposed to sunlight adequately. Cod liver oil is an excellent nutritional source of vitamin D as well. Deficiency in vitamin D can lead to rickets.

Vitamin E (Tocopherol) – It takes care of lungs and also aids in formation of red blood cells. Wheat germ oil is an excellant sorce of vitamin E. Deficiency in vitamin E leads to anemia, due to oxidative damge to red blood cells.

Vitamin K (Phylloquinone) – It helps in the maintenance of normal levels of the blood clotting proteins. It acts as a blood coagulant. Deficiency of vitamin k can lead to bleeding of gums and nose. Good sources of vitamin K are spinach, cabbage, broccoli, kiwi and avacados. Read the rest of this entry »

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